Former finance minister Arun Jaitley passed away on Saturday. He was a troubleshooter in the first term of the Modi government. He was considered the third most powerful minister in the government after the Prime Minister and the then Home Minister Rajnath Singh. He is credited for implementing Goods and Services Tax (GST). Jaitley was a lawyer by profession, but also had a good grip on financial matters with the law. He had charge of two important ministries like defense with finance for a few months.
Four years later, when Rafael’s case was heated, he emerged as a troubleshooter for the government, taking the front against opposition in Parliament. He has been the spokesperson for the BJP for a longer time. First, Vajpayee and then in the Modi government, he took charge of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
Jaitley got the biggest responsibility for tax reform
When GST was implemented in lieu of more than 17 indirect taxes on July 1, 2017, Jaitley was the finance minister. Till that time GST was implemented in 150 countries. India has been considering this since 2002. In 2011, during the UPA government, then Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee also tried to implement it. But this could be implemented in 2017, three years after the NDA’s government was formed.
When the question arose over Rafael, he took the front
Jaitley undergoes a kidney transplant in 2018. At that time, Piyush Goyal took over the finance ministry. Critics began to question who is the full-time finance minister in the country? A few months later, in January 2019, when the opposition made Rafale fighter plane’s allegations of corruption, Jaitley came to the front in Parliament instead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi or the then Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. During the debate on Rafale in the Lok Sabha, he said, “Congress does not know the fundamental difference between a ship and a fighter. The first aircraft we will get in our time will cost 9% less than the basic aircraft set at the time of UPA. The price of the vaporized aircraft will be reduced by 20%. The one who is questioning us we would like to ask them about Bofors, National Herald and Augusta westland case”.
Jaitley took charge of the finance ministry again after the interim budget in February.
During the UPA government, Jaitley was at the forefront of defending Modi-Shah
It is believed that after the Godhra and Gujarat riots, Jaitley was among the elected leaders who defended the then Chief Minister Narendra Modi inside the party. Thereafter, during the UPA government between 2004 and 2014, he was at the forefront of the Sohrabuddin encounter case, Tulsi Prajapati encounter case, Ishrat Jahan encounter case and Modi and Shah defenders.
Jaitley’s father was also a lawyer
Jaitley was born on December 28, 1952 in New Delhi. His father was Maharaja Kishen Jaitley and mother Ratan Prabha. Jaitley’s father was also a lawyer. Jaitley completed his schooling at St Xavier’s School in New Delhi. Graduated from Sriram College of Commerce in 1973. He obtained a law degree from the University of Delhi in 1977. On May 24, 1982, he was married to Sangeeta Jaitley. They have one son, Rohan and daughter Sonali.
The coordinator of JP Movement in 1973
Arun Jaitley was the coordinator of the National Committee formed in 1973 for the entire revolution movement of Loknayak Jaiprakash Narayan against corruption. He became the president of the Delhi University Student Association in 1974. After being held captive in Mesa for 19 months between 1975 and 1977, he joined the Jana Sangh.
In 1991 he became part of the BJP’s national executive
Jaitley has been a member of the BJP National Executive since 1991. He became the spokesperson before the 1999 general election. He was Minister of Information and Broadcasting (Independent Charge) in the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1999. In 2000, he was promoted as a cabinet minister. During this time he took over the Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs. After the defeat of the National Democratic Alliance in 2004, Jaitley became party general secretary. He became the leader of the opposition in the Rajya Sabha in 2009.
In 2019, he decided not to contest the Lok Sabha elections
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, he faced defeat from Congress leader Capt Amarinder Singh from the Amritsar Lok Sabha seat. Despite this, he was made Finance and Defense Minister in the Modi government. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, he decided not to contest for health reasons.
Jaitley’s political career
1974: Appointed President of Student Union at Delhi University
1977: Joined Jan Sangh
1977: Appointed as ABVP’s All-India Secretary
1980: Becomes president of BJP’s youth front
1991: Becomes a member of BJP’s national executive
1999: BJP becomes spokesperson
1999: In Vajpayee’s government he was given the Information and Broadcasting department. After Ram Jethmalani’s resignation, he was given additional charge of the Ministry of Law, Justice, Shipping and Company Affairs.
2000: Promoted to become Cabinet Minister, got charge of law, justice, company affairs and shipping
2002: Becomes national secretary of BJP
2009: Leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha
2014: Jaitly loses to Amarinder Singh (Congress candidate) in general election
2014: Becomes Finance Minister, also holds the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting